Articles on this Page
- 12/05/12--16:05: _'Murica
- 12/05/12--19:52: _Vlog Home from Stoc...
- 12/06/12--04:27: _Phantasy Star Online
- 12/06/12--13:21: _Premature Peter
- 12/06/12--16:10: _White Knight
- 12/07/12--11:56: _Dash Cam Videos
- 12/07/12--11:56: _Is Anyone Up?
- 12/07/12--17:21: _Giggity
- 12/07/12--21:04: _Mr. Plinkett
- 12/08/12--22:53: _Ofcourse
- 12/08/12--23:23: _Eat Your Matress!
- 12/09/12--06:41: _Go!Animate
- 12/09/12--08:36: _Parody / Spoof
- 12/09/12--09:34: _Anthropomorphism
- 12/09/12--13:39: _Screw Attack
- 12/09/12--20:46: _It Fell/Falling Off
- 12/10/12--01:53: _SAL PRICE MOTHAFUCK...
- 12/03/12--22:54: _Cool Guy Has Chill Day
- 12/04/12--15:02: _World Conference on...
- 12/10/12--12:55: _Horse-Sized Duck
- 12/05/12--16:05: 'Murica
- 12/05/12--19:52: Vlog Home from Stockholm
- 12/06/12--04:27: Phantasy Star Online
- 12/06/12--13:21: Premature Peter
- 12/06/12--16:10: White Knight
- 12/07/12--11:56: Dash Cam Videos
- 12/07/12--11:56: Is Anyone Up?
- 12/07/12--17:21: Giggity
- 12/07/12--21:04: Mr. Plinkett
- 12/08/12--22:53: Ofcourse
- 12/08/12--23:23: Eat Your Matress!
- 12/09/12--06:41: Go!Animate
- 12/09/12--08:36: Parody / Spoof
- 12/09/12--09:34: Anthropomorphism
- 12/09/12--13:39: Screw Attack
- 12/09/12--20:46: It Fell/Falling Off
- 12/10/12--01:53: SAL PRICE MOTHAFUCKA! [JAMES DOAKES MEME]
- 12/03/12--22:54: Cool Guy Has Chill Day
- 12/04/12--15:02: World Conference on International Communications
- 12/10/12--12:55: Horse-Sized Duck
’Murica or ’Murika is a slang term for America which is used to denote extreme patriotism, coupled with aspects of a redneck or southern American stereotype similar those featured in the advice animals Redneck Randal or Almost Politically Correct Redneck. It can also be found on image macros to either support or criticize American stereotypes.
The term “Murica” was used as early as September 1st, 2003 on the Democratic Underground in a post asserting that “murica” would not hurt another country after after an earlier poster suggested that the government was funding car bombs and building fires overseas.
“’Murica” was used again on a personal democratic blog in November 2004 to describe the red states that voted for George Bush’s reelection. The term was first added to Urban Dictionary on April 8th, 2006. In January 2011, a Facebook fan page for the word was established, gaining 1130 likes in less than two years. That September, a thread on Lurker FAQs suggested the term originated from the Comedy Central animated series South Park, however the term does not appear anywhere on their Wikia page, South Park Archives.
In October 2011, the single topic Tumblr Fuck Yeah Murica launched, which continues to be updated as of December 2012. There is also a Memegenerator page for Murica Man, showing a bearded male in a cowboy hat wrapped in an American flag, which has more than 130 submissions as of December 2012. In May 2012, a subreddit titled “’Murica! Fuck Yeah!” was created, featuring both ironic patriotism and humorous instances of serious patriotism, gaining nearly 18,000 subscribers in seven months. ‘Murica is often used on Twitter and Tumblr as commentary on stereotypical American practices as well as to emphasize a user’s iron patriotism. On Instagram, there are nearly 40,000 images tagged #murica.
Democratic Underground – Reply #91: That doesn’t. Other evidence suggests otherwise
Vlog Home from Stockholm is a youtube video featuring a young woman nonchalantly discussing her kidnapping, imprisonment, and descent into insanity at the hands of a man named Mr. Macabee.
Vlog Home from Stockholm was first uploaded to the Youtube channel hartmanncara, a woman already famous for her eHarmony Video Bio, which went viral and caused her to become a famous user on Youtube.
The video features Hartmann recording what she says is a message to her parents. She explains she now lives in a closet, and that a man named Mr. Macabee is holding her captive for ransom. She casually discusses her lack of food and water, her playing of movies over and over in her head, and in general, her insanity.
The video is a tongue-in-cheek reference to Stockholm Syndrome, a bizarre psychological phenomenon in which victims of kidnapping or abuse sympathize with their captor, often defending them, and albeit traumatically, bonding with them.
It is referenced by the “Stockholm” part of the title, as well as Hartmann’s defenses of Mr. Macabee and her overall situation.
(Working In Progress)
Phantasy Star Online ( ファンタシースターオンライン Fantashī sutā Onrain), or PSO for short, is a MMORPG series by Sega and a subset of the Phantasy Star series.
The development of Phantasy Star Online began after Sonic Adventure was made. Sega’s Chairman, Isao Okawa, had a strong belief that internet gaming would come to be important, and the company’s Sonic Team division was instructed to develop an MMORPG title. As there was no precedent for online gaming on console, the developers looked to the PC RPG game Diablo made by Blizzard for inspiration on the game’s mechanics. During the development, the game was initially known as The Third World and had a vague sci-fi theme, before art director Satoshi Sakai produced a piece of concept art featuring a dragon. The decision was made to link it to the Phantasy Star series and name the MMORPG series Phantasy Star Online.
Phantasy Star Online receive very high scores and it is one of the greatest games played of all time. It also has a community site dedicated to the Phantasy Star series that’s been on the internet for a very long time. Even though the online versions are shut down, there’s a website called SCHTHACK and it is a free program to play all the Phantasy Star Online games online for free in a private server. Very popular for fans of the Phantasy Star series, and 4chan’s /v/ board.
Phantasy Star Online 2
The highly awaited Phantasy Star Online 2 was released in Japan for Windows in July 4th, 2012 (Independence Day), and is due to be released for iOS and Android in late 2012 and for PlayStation Vita in 2013. The release date for the North America and Europe version will be in early 2013.
Premature Peter is an advice animal image macro series featuring a photo of a teenage boy with captions describing scenarios which may lead to premature ejaculation. After being posted on several sites, the images were taken down due to the subject’s age and complaints from his parents.
Redditor xJDRAGx submitted a post titled “Unfortunate” to the /r/funny subreddit on December 4th, 2012, which featured a school photograph of a teenage boy with only part of his shirt visible displaying the words “I Came” (shown below). Within 48 hours, the post received over 20,200 views and 240 comments. The same day, Redditor mtldrummr112 submitted a post titled “Premature Peter” to the /r/AdviceAnimals subreddit, which featured an image macro of the school photo with the caption “She licked my earlobe aaand…” Within 48 hours, the post received over 13,500 up votes and 250 comments.
On December 4th, Redditor Stephen_foster submitted a post titled “Pre-Premature Peter” to the /r/AdviceAnimals subreddit, featuring the Premature Peter photo with Andy Samberg’s head superimposed from the “Jizz in my Pants” music video (shown below). Within 48 hours, the post received over 2,400 up votes. On the following day, the Internet humor site 9gag reposted Redditor Stephen_foster’s image, receiving over 13,000 up votes and 3,500 Facebook shares within 24 hours.
Also on December 5th, the original school photograph was published on the Cheezburger site Memebase, receving over 130 reblogs and 150 Facebook shares in 22 hours. On December 6th, The Daily Dot removed a story titled “Premature Peter Explodes on Reddit,” replacing the article with an update informing readers that it had been pulled after receiving a request made by the subject’s parents. The same day, Quickmeme removed the gallery view for Premature Peter but left the individual image pages intact. As of December 6th, 2012, there have been 110 posts submitted to Reddit including the phrase “premature Peter.”
“White Knight”, also known as “Internet White Knight,” is a pejorative term used to describe men who defend women on the Internet with the assumption that they are looking for a romantic reward in return.
The term “white knight” is derived from the knight-errant stock character, a medieval figure in romance literature that would perform various acts to prove his chivalry. According to Wikipedia, the term “knight-errant” was first recorded in the 14th-century poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, but was developed as a romance genre character during the late 12th century. The first Urban Dictionary definition was submitted by user Jake on November 3rd, 2004, which defined the phrase as a male who attempts to aid a woman in distress.
On January 17th, 2007, the Internet humor site Something Awful published a post titled “A Few Words on the Internet White Knight,” which criticized white knights for being indiscriminate in the women they choose to defend. On January 6th, 2009, Urban Dictionary member abstractsplash submitted an entry for “Internet White Knight,” defining the term as “someone who stands up for girls on the Internet they barely know.” On June 23rd, BodyBuilding Forums member QB_Killa submitted a thread listing several signs that someone had become a white knight. On September 1st, IGN Forums member DarkChronic submitted a thread titled “So wait, someone explain what an ‘Internet white knight’ is to me,” to which member D.Bills embedded an image of a knight sitting at a computer with strike marks on his wall counting the number of women he had rescued online (shown below).
On April 30th, 2010, a thread was created on the /tv/ (Television and Film) board on 4chan, in which a user was referred to as a “white knight” for requesting others refrain from making fun of rape. The same day, the Internet news blog Urlesque published an article by staff writer Nick Douglas titled “The Five Most Annoying Kinds of Internet Scolds,” listing “The Internet White Knight” as a manipulator that attempts to win over women by defending them online. On August 7th, a page for “White Knighting” was created on TV Tropes, which associated the meme with the “Bully Hunter,”“Knight in Shining Armor” and “Damsel in Distress” tropes. On November 19th, 2011, a Facebook page for “White Knight” was created, which received over 625 likes within one year.
On January 17th, 2011, YouTuber EtherealAntichrist uploaded a video titled “Enonymity [sic] and White Knighting,” which argued that white knighting is a practice that should be encouraged (shown below).
Dash Cam Videos, short for Dashboard Camera Videos, are surveillance-style clips taken from the dashboard of a person’s car. Online, they’re usually uploaded to share footage of car accidents or arrests.
Dashboard cameras became common in police vehicles in 1990 after two officers from Houston, Texas bought a standard video camera with their own money in 1988. The camera was a way to provide more evidence in court to help prosecute drunk drivers, as their impaired driving and demeanor would be captured. Between November 1989 and April 1990, all 17 videotaped arrests lead to guilty pleas in Franklin County, New York. As early as 2002, local news websites began hosting dashboard-filmed videos of accidents or car chases released from the police.
As dashboard mounted cameras became more affordable throughout the 2000s, these clips were no longer limited to police surveillance video. In June 2006, the YouTube channel t1sutton launched, featuring solely dashboard cam and helmet cam videos made by its creator, Tony. As of December 2012, the channel hosts more than 200 of these videos. In 2007, The Break began featuring these videos with the tag “dashcam.” The same year, LiveLeak began featuring these videos as well, which range from highway accidents to gory accidental deaths. Viral Viral Videos also maintains a “dash camera” tag to highlight videos that are gaining popularity on YouTube. As of December 2012, there are more than 92,000 results for “dash cam” on YouTube and more than 500 dash cam videos have been submitted to Reddit.
In January 2011, a LiveJournal community dedicated to discussing dash cam accident videos was created, generating more 570,000 comments in just under two years. The community organizes the videos with several tags including “поциент”, a wordplay on the Russian term for “schmuck”, for videos with people put in unfortunate positions, “летчик”, or pilot, used on videos where a driver will speed by and crash at the end of the vido, “кирпичи”, short for “shitting bricks”, which describes videos where the driver is shouting, and “железобетонное очко”, or “anus of concrete” (shown below, left), used to laud drivers who were able to avoid an accident while remaining calm.
Throughout 2012, discussions of Russian dash cam videos took place on the Straight Dope message board, Radio Free Europe and Yahoo! Answers. In June 2012, Animal New York investigated why these types of videos are incredibly popular in Russia. Since the country’s insurance rates are quite expensive, hit and runs are common in the country.
The New York Times – Drunken Drivers Now Facing Themselves on Video Camera
Radio Free Europe – Cops, Cars, And Videotape: Russians Embrace Dash-Cam Craze
Is Anyone Up? was an adult media submission website featuring photographs and videos of anyone of legal age uploaded to the site, which often included musicians and fans of the hardcore music genre.
The domain name for the site IsAnyoneUp.com was registered on August 12th, 2010 by founder Hunter Moore, who stated in an interview with the alternative culture blog Alt Press that he was inspired to create the site because he experienced “some sort of high" from looking at nude pictures of someone he knew.
On November 29th, a copycat site named IsAnybodyDown was created, mimicking the original site’s format featuring user submitted adult photos. On April 19th, IsAnybodyUp was shut down and sold to the anti-bullying site BullyVille for $15,000, which featured an open letter explaining why the site was removed. The letter has since been removed but was pasted on the Eurogamer Forums on April 20th (shown below).
It’s been a little over a year from the first post on Is Anyone Up and its crazy to think that the few posts I did with my friends to get back at a few girls that broke our hearts would turn into what it did. I started the site with zero dollars, I had -$120 in my bank account and had to ask my mom for her credit card to pay for the $9 Server bill.
Running this site has been an uphill battle to say the least. From the Server Company’s bills to the lawyers taking people’s money promising they could get your images down to Facebook, PayPal, Live Nation, A Day to Remember and the countless others who tried to shut me down, beat me up or the girl who stabbed me and yet we are still here.
The site was started for the scene and I tried to keep it that way as long as I could by supporting bands and giving them reasonable prices on ad space. The bills were getting too insane and I had to turn to the porn game for extra money but it’s too shady and, in my opinion, it ruined the site. That and my appearance on Anderson Cooper didn’t help. The site was a blessing for me and still is, but I am burned out and I honestly can’t take another underage kid getting submitted and having to go through the process of reporting it and dealing with all the legal drama of that situation.
To everyone who got a tattoo, bought a shirt, wrote on your body, self-submitted or came to a party, I truly thank you for the support. Without your support, the site would not have been what it was. To all the girls who submitted those band guy’s and too all the guys who submitted the groupies, you made the Internet fun again. We Got #NBHNC trending on twitter, bands to make music videos about us and a lifetime ban for me on Facebook. Since we launched Isanyoneup.com a year ago, we received over 500 million page views. Girls got naked of all sizes at the IAU parties; we did it from Canada to Vegas. You made it possible for me to have the best life and made me realize what people will do for a few extra friend requests & followers on twitter. I’ll miss a lot of things but mostly the community. I never got to take in everything while it was happening because it was going so fast even though there was drama and lots of tears and pissed off parents, I feel blessed and thankful for all of you who came here to support me. I’ve become friends with the founder of BullyVille, CupidVille, CheaterVille and KarmaVille and he helped me realize that my talents in the programming and social networking world could be channeled in a positive way and we spoke about ways to move on, which is ultimately what I’ve decided to do. I might do some writing on bullyville.com to help people who have been bullied; I’ve been on both sides of the fence. I am putting this message up on Bullyville.com to stand up for underage bullying. I think it’s important that everyone realizes the damage that online bullying can cause. I would love to write everything here but I can’t. I’ll miss you all but once you’re on page 2 nobody cares anymore…."
I also have a new project at www.wepartyforacause.net. This will be all about me organizing parties that benefit different charities. These will be some of the largest and craziest parties you will ever see with a percentage of earnings going to a range of causes.
On November 29th, 2012, the tech news blog Beta Beat published an interview with Moore titled “Hunter Moore’s ‘Scary as Shit’ Revenge Porn Site Will Map Submitted Photos to People’s Addresses,” in which Moore announced that he would be launching a new adult media submission site HunterMoore.tv, which would allow uploaders to include the subject’s name, social media profiles and address. The article also reported that the new address field might destroy Moore’s defense under Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, which grants websites immunity from responsibility for user submitted content.
The site allowed users to anonymously submit nude photographs to be featured on the blog, which would often be accompanied by a clothed picture taken from the subject’s social networking profile page, followed by a reaction image. Most images were either submitted by the subject themselves or maliciously leaked by an enemy or former love interest. The blog also included “Daily Hate” posts, which featured angry emails from people whose photos were displayed on the site without their consent.
The site has been criticized for its ethically questionable practice of encouraging readers to submit nude photographs of enemies and former lovers. On July 6th, 2011, Forbes published an article titled “Revenge Porn With a Facebook Twist,” which noted that many of the submissions to Moore’s site were maliciously uploaded by people seeking revenge. That same month, Moore was reportedly stabbed by a San Francisco-area woman according to the Village Voice, leaving the site’s founder with a “caterpillar-sized scar.” On April 30th, the rock music blog Common Revoltpublished a post reporting that Moore had been removed from the Bamboozle music festival line-up for posting nude photos of the band A Day to Remember. On November 21st, Moore appeared on the talk show Anderson Live and was confronted by two women who had been featured on the site (shown below).
“No one put a gun to your head and made you take these pictures. It’s 2011, everything’s on the Internet.”
On December 4th, the Los Angeles Times published an article titled “Rockers, fully exposed on Is Anyone Up?”, reporting that several bands had issued take down notices for posting nude images of musicians on the site. The same month, Facebook threatened legal action against the website and blocked the site’s domain across the entire site according to Wikipedia.
On May 16th, 2012, The Village Voice published an article titled “‘Gary Jones’ Wants Your Nudes,” which reported that Moore was under investigation by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for having hosted a large number of photographs believed to have been obtained from the hacker “Gary Jones.” On May 22nd, ABC News published an article title “FBI Investigates ‘Revenge Porn’ Website Founder,” reporting that private investigator Charlotte Laws contacted the FBI after Moore refused to take down photographs of her daughter Kayla.
Feud With Anonymous
On December 3rd, 2012, the BBC published an article titled “Anonymous Target Revenge Porn Site Owner Hunter Moore,” reporting that the ad-hoc group of Internet users known as “Anonymous” had announced that Moore would be held “accountable for his actions.” On December 6th, Gawker published a post titled “All of Hunter Moore’s Personal Information is Now on the Internet, Thanks to Anonymous,” which reported that Anonymous had successfully doxed Moore, releasing a Pastebin containing his personally identifiable information. The operation was referred to as “#OpHuntHunter” and “#OpAntiBully.”
In an interview with The Awl on November 10th, 2011, Moore claimed that the site was receiving over 30 million page views and making $13,000 per month. An article published in the Los Angeles Times the following month reported that Moore revealed that the site was receiving over 1.6 million unique visitors according to Google Analytics. As of December 7th, 2012, a Facebook page for “Is Anyone Up?” has received over 3,600 likes and Hunter Moore’s Twitter account has accumulated over 103,000 followers.
“Giggity” (also known as “Giggity Giggity Goo”) is a sexually-oriented catchphrase initially used by the character Glenn Quagmire in the animated sitcom Family Guy.
The character Quagmire is commonly depicted as a hyperactive sex addict and, as such, the phrase is often used in regards to an image or video of a sexual nature. Moreover, it is also occassionaly used in response to a remark that was not intentionally sexual, but rather came across as such (in a similar manner to “That’s What She Said”).
According to the show’s creator, Seth MacFarlane, the phrase was inspired by a friend, as well as stand-up comedian, Steve Marmel, who would apparently call Seth and perform Jerry Lewis impressions over the phone, which eventually devolved into the giggity phrase seen throughout the show.
Mr. Plinkett is a character created by Mike Stoklasa and Rich Evans of Red Letter Media. Mr. Plinkett is an old man (claiming to be born in 1906) suffering from polio and bordering on senility and psychosis.
Plinkett was originally played by Rich Evens in the Red Letter Media Short film The Cleaning Lady, in which Evans played dual roles as Plinkett and a deranged escaped mental patient who thinks he’s a janitor.
In 2008, Stoklasa made a review video for the 1994 film Star Trek Generations. He noted that he thought it was a “shitty movie” and “completely messed up the transition to the big screen from what was a really great TV show”, inspiring him to share this view with others. toklasa found his own voice to be too boring for the review and adopted the persona of Harry S. Plinkett, a character he had previously used in several short films and since further developed within the reviews.
The Phantom Menace Review
Stoklasa’s review of The Phantom Menace was published to YouTube on December 10, 2009, and quickly became popular, receiving over 4 million views since its release. In comparison to his earlier Star Trek movie reviews which lasted from 30 to 40 minutes, the Phantom Menace review was a 70-minute creation and was uploaded to YouTube in 7 parts. The review took between seven and ten days to complete.
Half in the Bag
In 2011, Stoklasa and his friend Jay Bauman started a movie review show on their website called Half in the Bag, in which they both play VCR repairmen sitting in Plinkett’s (played again by Rich Evans) living room as they discuss newly released movies, as well as some cult classics, comic book conventions, and other film projects they engage in. The first episode was a review of Drive Angry and The Adjustment Bureau, it was released on March 12th, 2011.
a meme that is funny and can be used when sleepy and happy or going along with things
Eh, fuck it. Got better things to do… (WiP)
‘Eat Your Matress!’
Go!Animate is a website used to make animation that has got wide hatred, notably from flash animator Harry Partridge.
they are well known for the Comedy World maker that fans make “Gets Grounded” videos out of
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The word parody refers to one of the most popular subcultures in real life and on the internet. It means to imitate a work, an artist etc. and re-create it in a mocking or humorous way with irony or satire. You can see parody in videos, images, catchphrases, animations, games, stories etc.
Origin and Spread
According to Wikipedia, one of the first parodies was made by a greek writer of the old comedy named Hegemon of Thasos, who mocked the greek mythology Gigantomachy and performed it after the news about the disaster of the island Sicily reached in Athens.
The greek word parodia has been made and is a combination of para- (beside, counter, or against) and -ode (song, as in an ode).
Since then, parody has been seen in many instances throughout culture, including literary, artistic, and musical .
[Work in Progress]
Many memes make use of parody for the sake of humor, as well as video sources.
Anthropomorphism or personification is any attribution of human characteristics (or characteristics assumed to belong only to humans) to other animals, non-living things, phenomena, material states, objects or abstract concepts, such as organizations, governments, spirits, deities, events, feelings and websites.
Beginnings of the humanity, anthropomorphism has allways been the part of the cultures, thoughts and religions. According to Wikipedia, the earliest evidence is about 40,000 years ago, examples of zoomorphic (animal-shaped) works of art occur.
In brief, Furries are animal characters who are highly anthropomorphic, especially in terms of intelligence, behaviour, emotions, communication, and culture. Additionally, people who are fans of such characters are also referred to as Furries.
Yotsuba is known as 4Chan’s “404 error” mascot. She appears in banned users messages, in ads, in logos, and in the HTTP 404 messages (leading to the nickname of 404 Girl). But also representer of all. She is actually woven into the the history of 4chan, as the software that 4chan runs on was lovingly code-named “Yotsuba.”
One other phenomena is the personification of non-human objects. A popular fad among corporations lately has been to create selling points for products by using anime characters or even creating moe mascot characters based off of different products.
Akita Neru is, unbelievably, a Japanese personification/moe anthromorph of a troll. She is NOT an official character of Vocaloid like Hatsune Miku.
When a website is personified, it is given a human form, a personality, or both. The personality and appearance given to the website is often derivative of the stereotype for people who use the site itself.
4chumblr refers to the fictionalized relationship between personified versions of 4chan and the micro-blogging site Tumblr. The anthropomorphized relationship stemmed from a trolling war between the sites known as Operation Overlord.
OS-tan is a popular series of Moe anthropomorphized characters drawn by Japanese amateur artists, with their personality traits based on various computer operating systems. The OS-tan mascots are typically depicted as women, with the OS-tan representative of Microsoft Windows operating systems usually depicted as sisters of varying ages.
(This entry is a Work In Progress. Please help contribute if you have useful information about this.)
ScrewAttack is a Video Game and entertainment website founded in Febuary, 2006 by Craig Skistimas and Thomas Hanley.
SideScrollers was a podcast series that launched the same year as the site itself, the hosts/creators of the podcast are also the founders of the site and is considered the very backbone of ScrewAttack.
How it started was that GameFaqs user DDP886 posted a topic about how he was playing New Super Mario Bros. U on the new Wii U and how his A button fell off of his controller. Comments soon spawned of people demanding for him to submit pictures of the event. Eventually, users started making parodies of the title into comments such as “i think TC fell off the face of reality”, “[This message fell off at the request of a moderator or administrator]”, and “Mcdonald’s fell off…….to have a restaurant in mars.”.
SAL E MOTHAFUCKA! JAMESDOAKESMEME
Cool Guy Has Chill day is essentially a cool guy, having a chill day. The video gained popularity, sparking remakes such as Cool Bro Has Chill Day, Chill guys have Cool Day, etc.
Spread and Popularity
The video stares Cool Guy is “Just Cool Guy doin’ what he do best! P.S. If you’re wondering about cool guys “mask” Devin made it for a school project”. The meme originated from Youtube, and has spread since it’s upload.
World Conference on International Communications (WCIT) is a treaty-level conference regarding international rules and regulations for telecommunications, facilitated by the United Nations agency International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and hosted in Dubai in December 2012. Prior to its commencement, the United States House of Representatives and civil liberties groups have raised concerns about the proposals, claiming that they could potentially be harmful to Internet freedom.
On May 17th, 2012, a coalition of 31 organizations, including the Electronic Frontier Foundation, European Digital Rights, Human Rights Watch and the Internet Governance Project published a letter denouncing the WCIT’s secretive planning process and demanded that the ITU release all documents describing the WCIT’s proposals.
ITU Opens Public Consultation
On August 16th, 2012, the tech news blog Computer World published an article titled “ITU Opens Public Consultation on Internet Regulation Treaty," which reported that the ITU had published a draft of a document on their official website disclosing what would be discussed during the upcoming convention. The article also revealed that the U.S. House of Representatives had raised concerns that many of the proposals could restrict or censor the Internet by granting national authorities the right to impose taxes on Internet traffic.
Russian Proposal Leaked
On November 16th, the website WCIT Leaks published leaked documents revealing that the Russian Federation made a proposal to the United Nations to transfer power of Internet governance from the Internet Society (ISOC) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) to national governments. The same day, the tech news blog Cnet published an article titled “Russia demands broad UN role in Net governance, leak reveals,” which criticized the proposal and the ITU’s attempt at seizing power from ICANN.
On November 20th, 2012, Google published a video titled “Take Action: Add Your Voice to Keep the Internet #freeandopen,” which featured video clips within Google Earth software of people pledging their support for a free and open Internet (shown below). The video also promoted Google’s “Take Action” website by urging viewers to pledge support on FreeAndOpenWeb.com, which raised concerns over the WCIT’s “closed-door meeting.” On the following day, the BBC published an article titled “Google Attacks UN’s Internet Treaty Conference.”
On November 30th, CNN published a guest column by American computer scientist Vinton Gray Cerf, considered one of the “fathers of the Internet” for co-inventing Internet protocol and transmission control protocol, which raised concerns about the ITU’s proposals which could allow governments to censor legitimate speech and cut off Internet access. On December 4th, Venture Beat reported on Cerf’s criticisms of the conference in an article titled “Vint Cerf Invented the Internet, and Now He’s Trying to Save it.” The same day, Redditor PrivateBytes submitted a post to the /r/AdviceAnimals subreddit titled “Neither would I,” which featured a photograph of Cerf with the caption “I don’t always create the Internet / but when I do, I don’t let the U.N. fuck it up” (shown below). Within five hours, the post received over 15,200 up votes and 350 comments.
On December 3rd, The Daily Dot published an article reporting that the Internet Defense League (IDL) group of web activists were attempting to raise awareness about the ITU and their attempts at transferring power of Internet governance. As of December 4th, 2012, over 36,000 individuals, 1,430 organizations and 175 countries had signed on to the Protect Global Internet Freedom petition, which called for the ITU to refrain from attempts at controlling Internet governance.
On December 4th, the day after the WCIT began in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, the Ghana Business News quoted ITU Secretary-General Dr. Hamadoun I. Touré, who attempted to dispel rumors that the WCIT would restrict the free flow of information:
“Fears have also been expressed that new provisions in updated ITRs might help to legitimize government censorship. And I fully agree that this should not happen. This conference will not stand in the way of the need to protect the right of the freedom of expression, the right to communicate, and the right to privacy.”
Computer World – ITU Opens Public Consultation on Internet Regulation Treaty
Ghana Business News – Highlights of 2012 World Conference on International Telecommunications
Electronic Frontier Foundation – EFF Joins Coalition Denouncing Secretive WCIT Planning Process
Horse-Sized Duck refers to a hypothetical query that asks whether 100 duck-sized horses or one horse-sized duck would be victorious in battle, or which of the two options the respondent would prefer to fight.
The city design blog City of Sound published a post titled “Duck-sized horses” on October 9th, 2003, which featured a photograph from a newspaper asking “who would be victorious in a fight between 100 duck-sized horses and one horse-sized duck” (shown below).
On October 12th, 2003, Trance Addict Forums member Harry submitted a post titled “Who would win in a fight – a horse sized duck, or 100 duck sized horses?”, which received 54 responses within the next month. On August 4th, 2006, Yahoo Answers user Robert S asked the same question, to which user comradelouise argued that the 100 duck-sized horses would be victorious. On November 23rd, 2007, Comic Book Resources Forum member Nik Hasta submitted a thread titled “One Horse-Sized Duck vs. 100 Duck-Sized Horses!”, which received 29 replies within the next 24 hours. On July 15th, 2010, YouTuber JoshRocksGuitarHero uploaded a video titled “The Horse Sized Duck,” revealing he would rather fight a horse-sized duck (shown below).
On June 15th, 2012, player Johannah on the Internet drawing game Drawception submitted a drawing request titled “1 horsesized duck vs 10 ducksized horses,” although the request largely went unnoticed. On November 16th, the equestrian news blog Horse Nation published a post inviting readers to vote on which of the two options they would prefer to fight. On November 28th, Yahoo News published an article titled “NYU Student Replies-all to 40,000 Classmates, sparking ‘Replyallcalypse’,” which reported that one student sent an email asking “Would you rather fight 100 duck sized horses, or 1 horse sized duck?” As of December 10th, 2012, there are seven Facebook pages containing the keyword “horse-sized duck” or “duck-sized horse.”
In 2012, the query became a popular inside joke question to use in “ask me anything” posts on the social networking site Reddit. On August 29th, Redditor Reaverax submitted the question “Would you rather fight 100 duck-sized horses or 1 horse-sized duck” in President Barack Obama’s post in the /r/IAmA subreddit, which received over 1,100 up votes within the next three months. On September 24th, Redditor supahappyfuntime asked the same question to New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof in his post on /r/IAmA. On the following day, the Atlantic published an article titled “Where the Obsession with Horse-Sized Ducks Came From,” which cited the City of Sound blog post as the origin of the meme. On November 9th, Redditor Jello_Eater submitted an image macro featuring a picture of science educator Bill Nye captioned with a seamlessly logical response to the hypothetical question (shown below). Within one month, the post received over 6,400 up votes and 220 comments.
Atlantic Wire – Where the Obsession with Horse-Sized Ducks Came From