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New entries added to the Internet Meme Database

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  • 09/18/15--12:05: Calvin and Hobbes
  • About

    Calvin and Hobbes is an American newspaper comic strip created on November 18, 1985 by Bill Watterson. It centers on Calvin, a 6-year-old boy and Hobbes, his stuffed tiger. Other characters include Calvin’s unnamed parents, Moe, the school bully, and Susie Derkins, Calvin’s playmate.

    History

    The strip began life as Critturs, one of many comic strips Watterson shopped around to different syndicates before Calvin and Hobbes. The brother of the main character in Critturs had a stuffed tiger, much like Calvin. United Features Syndicate told Watterson that these two were the strongest and he set out to create a strip centered on these characters, which was passed on by United Features Syndicate. It was later picked up by Universal Press Syndicate.[1]

    Fandom

    in 2010 Michael “Bing” Yingling created the Calvin and Hobbes Search Engine[2] which allows users to search for Calvin and Hobbes strips by date or text. On Deviantart a search for “Calvin and Hobbes” currently returns over 12,000 results with the earliest dating back to at least 2003.[3] On October 31st, 2013 Canadian animator Adam Brown posted a 31-second animated clip of a Calvin and Hobbes strip on YouTube but it was later taken down by a copyright claim by Universal Uclick.[4]

    Related Memes

    Calvin and Hobbes Log Bridge Parodies

    Calvin and Hobbes Log Bridge Parodies refer to parodies of a scene in Calvin and Hobbes that depicts them walking over a log crossing a stream. The parodies usually depict two fictional characters crossing the log bridge over the creek.

    T-rex jet

    T-Rex Jet refers to an image macro series depicting a tyrannosaurus piloting an f-14 Tomcat fighter. The strip originally appeared on January 1, 1995.[4]

    Search Interest

    External References

    [1]Wikipedia – Calvin and Hobbes

    [2]Calvin & Hobbes search engine

    [3]DeviantArt – Search results for Calvin and Hobbes

    [4]Huffington Post – ‘Calvin and Hobbes’ Animated Short Makes Everything Right in the World

    [5]GoComics – Original Strip


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  • 09/18/15--14:40: Virtual Reality
  • this entry is currently being researched; see also:augmented reality]


    About

    Virtual Reality (VR) is a computer-generated simulation of an interactive 3D environment, either realistic or fabricated.

    History

    In the 1990’s, Sega announced “Sega VR” and Nintendo released “Virtual Boy”. Both of these were one of the first commercial consoles with a full suite of virtual reality features, yet both had hazardous health effects and were commercial failures.[2] After this, most virtual and augmented reality software remained experimental until the 2010s.

    In 2012, Oculus VR debuted the first prototype of Oculus Rift at the Electronic Entertainment Expo. In addition, in 2014, Sony revealed “Project Morpheus” VR Headset for the PS4, and Google announced “Google Cardboard” do-it-yourself (DIY) stereoscopic viewer, described as “virtual reality in a simple, fun, and affordable way.”[3]



    In March 2015, HTC partnered with Valve and announced the “HTC Re Vive” virtual reality headset, powered by SteamVR, meaning compatible games will be also available on Steam.[4]



    On October 27th, 2009 Urban Dictionary user Guido1 defined virtual reality as “a place gamers would rather live in.”[5] In 2009, the virtual reality subreddit was created, which has over 13,000 subscribers as of May 2015.[7]

    Devices

    Oculus Rift



    Oculus Rift is a virtual reality (VR) head-mounted display (HMD) being developed by Oculus VR. After a protype debuted at 2012’s Electronic Entertainment Expo, the first batch of developer systems were initially funded through a Kickstarter campaign.

    External References


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    Overview

    The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is an American law governing the use of copyright as it pertains to web-based media and physical electronic media. The DMCA is well known online as the rules governing fair use and media transfer, and is often discussed by those interested in remixing, appropriation, piracy, jailbreaking, hacking and device modification. Many court cases related to the DMCA have had legal ramifications for media consumption throughout the Internet.

    Background

    The DMCA was introduced as a bill in the House of Representatives by Rep. Howard Coble (R – NC) in 1997, and was voted unanimously into law by the Senate and signed by President Bill Clinton in 1998.[1] The act contains five major acts, the first two of which are relevant to the online handing of copyright and are summarized below. The other three acts mostly pertained to smaller details like practical duties of places like the United States copyright office and the responsibilities of libraries. In addition, several additions and changes have been added to the DMCA, most relevantly rules regarding linking to copyright-protected content.

    Title I: WIPO Copyright and Performances and Phonograms Treaties Implementation Act

    This section adopted the WIPO Copyright and Performances and Phonograms Treaties Implementation Act, which included the provision that made it illegal to “circumvent a technological measure that effectively controls access to a work” or to traffic in a device or software that would do this, except when the end result was within fair use.[2] So for instance, it is illegal to copy a film from a protected DVD (circumvention), except when the film was to be shown in a classroom (educational fair use). Most instances of jailbreaking, device hacking, and piracy are made illegal under this provision.

    Title II: Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act

    This section creates a “safe harbor” for online service providers, including Internet service providers, effectively saying that they are not directly responsible for piracy that is committed by those using services they provide. This means that companies like YouTube and Comcast are not directly liable for piracy that happens by their users; they are protected from lawsuits if, for instance, someone uploads a copyrighted film to YouTube; it is instead the user who is responsible and is the target of legal actions, commonly referred to as a cease and desist or “DMCA Takedown Notice.”

    However, the protection for YouTube comes with a cost – they must also immediately abide by the takedown notice if one is issued, without evaluating the content for any fair use. If they refuse to remove the content, they can be sued; however, they can reinstate it later if it determined that the content was not copyright-infringing.[7] This has led some content-creators to abuse the takedown notice, issuing them regardless of the rules of fair use.[9]

    Notable Developments

    Many of the notable developments in the DMCA relate to legal cases that have had wide-ranging implications for those who create and share media online and through other digital means. These have included Sony vs. George Hotz,[4] regarding the rooting of the Playstation console, which resulted in Operation Sony. (More below.)

    Another prominent case was Lenz v. Universal Music Corp, where Stephanie Lenz posted a YouTube video of her child dancing to Prince’s “Let’s Go Crazy,” resulting in a takedown notice by Universal Music Corp, who held the copyright to the song.[5] On September 14th, 2015, the Supreme Court of California ruled in favor of Lenz, saying that copyright holders had to consider fair use before issuing a takedown notice. The video has since been reinstated on YouTube. [10]


    Related Memes

    Operation Sony

    In January 2011, Sony Computer Entertainment filed a lawsuit against American hacker George Hotz (handle: GeoHot, best known for “jailbreaking” iPhone) for exposing the root key to a PlayStation 3 machine, which allowed users to develop and play unofficial, homemade games. Then in late February 2011, another PS3 veteran hacker Egorenkov (a.k.a Graf_Chokolo) was raided by the German police and subsequently sued by Sony for publishing the findings of his research on PS3’s security loopholes.
    Infuriated by Sony’s legal actions against the two hackers, a contingent within Anonymous networks began attacking Sony-branded websites on April 2nd, 2011.



    Office Depot DMCA

    Office DepotDMCA was a Digital Millennium Copyright Act takedown notice issued by the legal representatives of the Americans office stationary retailer Office Depot to request for the removal of an image that was posted on Reddit’s self-satirical /r/circlejerk community in April 2013.



    Taylor Swift™ No Copyright Infringement Intended

    Taylor Swift™ No Copyright Infringement Intended is a phrase used to mock Taylor Swift’s aggressive pursuit defense of the copyright on her lyrics and name, most frequently on Tumblr, where users paste the copyright notice after using a number or phrase that can also be found in a Taylor Swift song or song title.

    Additional Meme Effects

    It is a common occurrence for the origins or frequent hosts of memes using copyrighted material to receive DMCA takedown notices. Many memes are legally fair use because they are criticism, parody, satire, or in other ways “transformative.” However, copyright holders, especially before the 2015 Lenz vs. Universal Music decision, have often not considered fair use when issuing DMCA takedown notices, and ISPs are given no choice but to comply with the notice to remove the content or else open themselves up for a lawsuit. Memes or online personalities that have been affected by the DMCA include but are not limited to:

    Search Interest



    External References


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    Work in progress




    About

    “Nuclear” is a song composed by British musician Mike Oldfield,[1] and released on his album Man on the Rocks in 2014. Due its use as backgroun music for the E3 2014 Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain trailer, the song was adopted by the Metal Gear fandom and some of his lyrics started being posted on online forums, most prominently the starting lyric “Standing on the edge”.

    Origin

    “Nuclear” is the 11th song from Mike Oldfield’s studio album Man on the Rocks,[2] released on March 3rd, 2014. According to Oldfield, his main inspiration for the song was his grandfather experiences during World War I, and how war changed him.[3] On June 9th, 2015, during the E3 2014 Konami’s conference, a trailer for Metal Gear V: ThePhantom Pain was released, including the song in the background. The English version of the trailer uploaded to Konami’s official YouTube channel gained over 798,000 views as September 20th, 2015.



    Standing on the edge of the crater
    Like the prophets once said
    and the ashes are all cold now
    No more bullets and the embers are dead
    Whispers in the air tell the tales
    Of the brothers gone
    Desolation, devastation
    What a mess we made, when it all went wrong

    Watching from the edge of the circus
    For the games to begin
    Gladiators draw their swords
    form their ranks for Armageddon

    I’m nuclear
    I’m wild
    I’m breaking up inside
    A heart of broken glass
    Defiled
    Deep inside
    The abandoned child

    Standing on the edge of the underworld
    Looking at the abyss
    and I’m hoping for some miracle
    To breakout, to escape from all this
    Whispers in the air tell the tales
    of a life that’s gone
    Desolation, devastation
    What a mess we made, when it all went wrong

    I’m nuclear
    I’m wild
    I’m breaking up inside
    A heart of broken glass
    Defiled
    Deep inside
    The abandoned child

    I’m nuclear
    I’m wild
    I’m breaking up inside
    A heart of broken glass
    Defiled
    Deep inside
    The abandoned child

    Spread

    The same day as Konami released the trailer, a leaked version was posted on 4chan’s video games board /v/, where some users remarked the song.[4] One of the responses included a modified version of the John is kill copypasta featuring the first line of the song (shown bellow). During the following days, the song lyrics started being used as forum game,[5] in similar vein to Lankyposting or Brendanposting. The first of those lyrics, Standing on the edge, also started being used as catchphrase.[6]



    On January 10th, 2015, Youtuber DAMNSON uploaded a video titled “NUCL-HE-AR”, featuring a remix of Lanky Kong singing Nuclear, and gaining over 142,000 views in the following 9 months. On July 11th, 2015, mashup artist Triple-Q uploaded to his main channel a mashup of Psy’s Gentleman and Nuclear, gaining over 50,00 views in less than three months.


    Search Interest

    External References


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  • 09/20/15--10:08: Fetty Wap
  • About

    Fetty Wap is an American rapper and contemporary R&B singer, best known for his 2014 hit single, Trap Queen followed by his top-ten singles, 679, and My Way. Fetty gained extensive popularity on the internet because of these tracks, especially in the Black Twitter scene.

    Early Life

    Fetty was born in Paterson, New Jersey. He had only started gaining interest in music in 2013. As a child, Fetty was diagnosed with glaucoma in both eyes, causing the loss of his left eye.

    Music Career

    Trap Queen

    In February of 2014, Fetty released his first single, titled Trap Queen. Although it was released in February, the song began to receive recognition in later 2014, going platinum. The music video for the song received over 240,000,00 views, 1,000,000 likes, and 72,000 dislikes.



    The song gained heavy popularity on Vine, the most popular being of Viner Arielle Vandenberg hitting a whip to the track.



    On August 9th, 2015, pop artist Taylor Swift posted a concert photo to her Instagram after having Fetty join her on stage to preform Trap Queen. The photo gained 1.4 million likes and just under 25,000 comments in 6 weeks.




    679

    Fetty followed up Trap Queen, with his next single, 679 featuring Remy Boyz. The track hit #7 in the United States, and the music video for the track has received over 30 million views.



    Notable Examples

    Search Interest


    External References


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  • 09/20/15--19:33: Adulting
  • About

    To Adult (often used in the progressive tense, as “adulting”, or in hashtag form) is to act in a responsible, grown-up fashion. This Internet slang is often applied to social media posts regarding chores, bills, and other types of menial tasks.

    Origin

    On July 25th, 2011, writer Kelly Williams Brown created her first post on her Tumblr, adultingblog.[1] The blog provided a selection of lifestyle tips in a conversational style, meant to help people act like adults. The blog was formatted as a series, and the first post was titled “Step One: Make your fucking bed.” It has received 47 notes as of September 2015.



    Spread

    Brown’s adultingblog has continued to step 388, as of August 2015; her posts now regularly accrue thousands of notes.[2] On May 7th, 2013, Brown published a book entitled Adulting:
    How to Become a Grown-up in 468 Easy(ish) Steps
    , which helped popularize the phrase among others.[3] The blog Grammar Girl chose “Adulting” as its 2014 Word of the Year; according to the blog, the first use of adulting on Twitter was by user LinnieTweets, on July 24th, 2014.[4]



    As of September 2015, the word is in common use throughout all social networks. On Twitter, it has been used both with and without hashtag approximately 30,000 times between August 21st through September 20th, 2015.[5][6] On Instagram, there are more than 85,000 posts using the hashtag #adulting,[7] as well as thousands more using the hashtags #adultingishard,[8] #adultingsucks,[9] and #adultingsohard.[10] These hashtags are also in use on Vine, where there are 338 results using the search term.[11]

    Notable Examples



    Search Interest



    External References

    [1]Adultingblog – Step One: Make your fucking bed

    [2]Adultingblog – Archive

    [3]Hachette Book Group – Adulting: How to Become a Grown-up in 468 Easy(ish) Steps

    [4]Grammar Girl – 2014 Word of the Year: Adulting

    [5]Topsy Analytics – Adulting, #Adulting

    [6]Twitter – Search: adulting

    [7]Instagram – #adulting

    [8]Instagram – #adultingishard

    [9]Instagram – #adultingsucks

    [10]Instagram #adultingsohard

    [11]Vine – search: adulting


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  • 09/21/15--11:09: David Cameron
  • About

    David Cameron is a British politician who has served as the leader of the Conservative Party since 2005 and and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since 2010.

    Online History

    The official Twitter account of David Cameron was launched on January 8th, 2010.

    Related Memes

    Airbrushed for a Change

    Airbrushed for Change is a name commonly associated with a series of alterations made to various Conservative party election posters during the 2010 British general election.

    David Cameron’s Phone Call

    David Cameron’s Phone Call refers to a photograph of the British prime minister David Cameron on the phone with U.S. President Barack Obama which became the subject of a parody photo fad on Twitter in March 2014.



    Search Interest



    External References


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  • 09/21/15--11:10: Piggate / Hameron
  • Overview

    Piggate, alternately known as The Bae of Pigs, Hameron, or The Snoutrage, is the name of a scandal surrounding the British Prime Minister David Cameron, after an unauthorized biography claimed that he inserted his penis into the mouth of a dead pig during an induction ceremony for a secret society at Oxford University.

    Background

    On September 20th, 2015, The Daily Mail published an excerpt from an unauthorized biography of British Prime Minister David Cameron by Lord Michael Ashcroft.[1] In the book titled Call Me Dave, Ashcroft alleged that during his college years at Oxford University, Cameron was to be inducted into the infamous Piers Gaveston Society,[13] a secret campus group known for excessive drug-taking and sexual parties. Ashcroft interviewed Cameron’s classmates, one of whom spoke about the induction ceremony for the society.

    A distinguished Oxford contemporary claims Cameron once took part in an outrageous initiation ceremony at a Piers Gaveston event, involving a dead pig. His extraordinary suggestion is that the future PM inserted a private part of his anatomy into the animal’s mouth.

    Ashcroft wrote that although the claim couldn’t be completely verified, the classmate had provided the author with several additional details and pieces of evidence, including the name of another classmate who possessed a photograph of the act, and the dimensions of said photograph. When asked about the allegations, the Prime Minister’s staff had no comment.

    Notable Developments

    Due to rumors about what the story contained, the term #Piggate had already been coined by Twitter user gjb70 before The Daily Mail published the story.[2][3] In less than 24 hours after the story had been published, the hashtag #Piggate had been tweeted more than 178,000 times to refer to the incident,[4] with many users on Twitter tweeting photos of David Cameron holding or touching pigs during head-of-state farm visits, or making jokes about the British children’s show Peppa the Pig.[5] A parody Twitter account claiming to be the pig that Cameron encountered was created, and quickly acquired more than 10,000 followers.[6]

    #Piggate was covered in most major British publications, including The Guardian[7] and the Independent,[8] however it was not reported by the British state media agency, the BBC, which some in the country criticized. In addition, many American publications reported on the scandal and the resulting Twitter use, including Buzzfeed[9] and Gawker.[10]

    Black Mirror Connection

    In Episode 1, Season 1 of the fictional BBC television show Black Mirror, the prime minister of Britain, faced with a hostage situation, is forced to have sex with a pig on live television. [11]



    The similarities between the show’s plot and Piggate were quickly unearthed; however, the show’s creator and writer, Charlie Brooker, claims to have had no prior knowledge of the alleged act by David Cameron. [12]

    Notable Examples



    Search Interest

    Not yet available.

    External References


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  • 09/21/15--14:05: You Gotta
  • About

    You Gotta is a series of mock conversations on Tumblr in which a person receives the emphatic response “you gotta” after questioning an order.

    Origin

    On October 16th, 2013, the Baby’s Names Facebook[2] page posted a screenshot of a Facebook comment claiming “I will never name my baby any of those names” to which the Baby’s Names page replies “You Gotta” (shown below).



    Spread

    On February 6th, 2015, the LoveThisBug Tumblr[1] reposted the Baby’s Names Facebook screenshot, gaining over 124,000 notes in seven months. On August 18th, Tumblr user pinkpegasi[8] submitted a post in which a brain orders itself to “feel sad for no reason” (shown below). Over the next month, the post accumulated upwards of 250,000 notes.



    On August 20th, the Baby’s Names Facebook[4] posted a status update with the message “You HAVE to Name Your Baby This,” to which several commenters replied with the phrase “you gotta.” On September 8th, Tumblr user lovelucina[5] posted a mock conversation in which her brain orders her to stay up for five hours (shown below). Within two weeks, the post garnered more than 39,500 notes.



    On September 13th, Tumblr user featherdusters[6] posted a mock conversation with the upcoming augmented reality game Pokémon GO (shown below, left). On September 17th, Tumblr user tiny-jester[7] submitted a conversation in which a brain orders itself to pick up a “smooth/round rock,” gaining over 200,000 notes in four days. The same day, the Meme Documentation[3] Tumblr blog published an explanation of the “You Gotta” meme.



    Search Interest

    External References

    [1]Tumblr – lovethisbug

    [2]Facebook – Another one

    [3]Tumblr – Meme Documentation

    [4]Facebook – You Have to name your baby this

    [5]Tumblr – lovelucina

    [6]Tumblr – featherdusters

    [7]Tumblr – tiny-jester

    [8]Tumblr – pingpegassi


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  • 09/22/15--11:41: Pizza Rat
  • About

    Pizza Rat is the nickname given to a rodent that became an overnight Internet sensation after it was spotted carrying down a slice of pizza down the stairs of a New York City subway platform in September 2015.

    Origin

    On September 18th, 2015, New York City standup comedian Matt Little recorded a video of a rat dragging a slice of pizza down the stairs at the First Avenue L train station in Manhattan. On September 21st, Little uploaded the video to his Instagram and YouTube accounts with a bemusing description comparing the rodent to Master Splinter from the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (shown below). Within the first 24 hours, the video garnered over two million views.



    A rat tries to bring slice of pizza down subway station stairs. OR Master Splinter bringing food home to feed the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles?

    Spread

    Also on September 21st, Matt Little submitted the YouTube video to Reddit’s /r/NYC subreddit[9], where the post garnered more than 800 points (95% upvoted) and 120 comments in less than 24 hours. Within the hour of the video entering online circulation via Instagram, YouTube and Facebook, a novelty Twitter account assuming the voice of the now-famous rodent was launched under the handle @NYCPizzaRat[6].



    News Media Coverage

    Throughout the day, Matt Little’s video was picked up by Gawker[4] in an article titled “Pizza Rat, Pizza Rat, I Love You,” followed by a number of other New York City-centric blogs and viral media news sites, including DNAInfo[15], Gothamist[5], VOX[11], BuzzFeed[16], CNN[12] and Mashable[17], among many others.

    Notable Examples

    Soon, a handful of parodies and tributes to the Pizza Rat began surfacing on popular image-sharing sites like Imgur and Giphy, including image macros, animated GIFs, demotivational posters and fan art illustrations.




    Search Interest



    External References


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  • 09/22/15--11:41: RiFF RaFF
  • About

    Riff Raff (also known as Jody Highroller) real name “Horst Christian Simco”, is an American rapper from Houston signed to Diplo’s label Mad Decent (who he often collaborates with), known for his songs Dolce & Gabbana and Tip Toe Wing In My Jawwdinz

    Riff Raff gained fame because of his eccentric looks and “Black-centric” music, which was influenced by other southern rappers like slim thug, Paul wall and juicy J.

    Early Life

    Riff Raff started his music career by handing mixtape CD’s and using myspace and facebook to promote his music, as well as freestyle videos on youtube, which turned him into a Houston sensation[1].

    Music Career

    Three Loco

    Riff Raff gained fame when he was part of the hip hop comedy trio named Three Loco,[2] with their debut single Neato gaining 5 million views

    Neon Icon

    After a series of independent albums and mixtapes, Riff Raff got signed to trap producer Diplo’s Label, and he attained mainstream success with his single Dolce & Gabanna (shown below) of his first mayor label album Neon Icon. The song which got 12,629,831 views and 49 thousand likes and would later be scrapped off the album.

    The song got popularity due to the erroneous pronountiation of Dolce and Gabanna[3]

    Online History

    Tip Toe Wing In My Jawwdinz

    Tip Toe Wing In My Jawwdinz is the second single of Riff Raff’s debut album Neon Icon which was Released on June 10, 2014 and became popular on social media sites like vines where the hook is interpolated with videos of people dancing or walking in tip toes.

    On July 2, 2014 Vine User Jerry Purpdrank uploaded a vine titled “Getting new Jordan’s be like…” which featured himself walking on toilet paper to keep clean his new Jordan shoes clean to the chorus of the song. The vine got 310K revines and 588.2K likes (shown below left) and on July 28, 2014 a compilation of tip toeing videos set to the song was uploaded by youtube user Top ShelFF Promo, which got 40,921 views (shown below right)

    Rap Game X

    Rap game X is a popular phrase used multiple times by RIff Raff trough his songs, often to compare himself to a rap version of an important person, either an artist or just a political figure. The phrase was first seen on the song “Rap Game James Franco”(shown below) and has then been used since then by the rapper.[4]

    Search Interest

    External References


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    Origin

    The meme/virus known as Youareanidiot was famous in 2005-2007 for it’s ability to cause the “Blue Screen Of Death” by multiplying constantly, the site also contained a truckload of viruses in 2010 the website was cleaned of viruses but another version of the webiste was created by a youtube user called Computer Virus Watch in 2013.

    Youtube popularity

    In early 2006, videos of a website called youareanidiot.org appeared showing a website full of viruses. In September 2006 a video called You are an idiot! by Oniku1234 went viral. The video remixed the infamous sound that played when you entered the website “You are an idiot hahahahaha.” In 2014 Joel from Vinesauce made a livestream called Windows 8 Destruction
    one of the parts of that livestream is where he recounts a story when his friend, Kevin got the blame when Joel went on to youareanidiot.org at school, this coined the catchphrase “GODAMMITKEVIN!”

    Youareanidiot.org

    The website presented itself as a video watching service to lure in victims then dropped dozens of trojans in their PCs then showed 3 smiley and flashing faces while the website says “You are an idiot AHAHAHAHAHA.” This website became infamous for its ability to multiply itself when it was exited and cause a Blue Screen of Death.


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  • 09/22/15--12:15: Daraprim Price Hike
  • Overview

    Daraprim Price Hike refers to the controversial increase in the price-per-tablet of the medication Daraprim after it was acquired by the company Turing Pharmaceuticals AG in August 2015.

    Background

    The drug pyrimethamine was originally developed by Nobel Prize-winning American scientist Gertrude Ellon for the company Burroughs-Wellcome as an antimalarial medication. The drug was subsequently given the trade name Daraprim and used to treat protozoal infections, most notably in combination with sulfoanamide antibiotic sulfadiazine for HIV-postive individuals infected with Toxoplasma gondii. On September 20th, 2015, The New York Times[1] reported that the company Turning Pharmaceuticals raised the price of Daraprim from $13.50 to $750 per tablet after acquiring the drug the previous month.

    Notable Developments

    Martin Shkreli’s Response

    On September 20th, FierceBiotech editor John Carroll[5] asked Turing Pharmaceuticals founder and CEO Martin Shkreli about the price hike on Twitter, to with Shkreli replied that it was “a great business decision that also benefits all our stakeholders” (shown below, left). After Carroll tweeted a link to the response, Shkreli called Carroll a “moron” (shown below, right).[6]



    The same day, Shkreli responded to a tweet asking how he slept at night with “you know, ambien” (shown below). Redditor politicalleft subsequently posted the tweet to the /r/worldnews[9] subreddit, where it gathered upwards of 6,000 votes (95% upvoted) within six hours.



    On September 21st, Shkreli was interviewed during a news segment on CNBC, where he defended the price hike as a rational business decision to gather funds for research and development of better drugs (shown below).



    Online Reaction

    On September 21st, several image macros criticizing Shkreli for the price hike reached the front page of Reddit (shown below).[10][11]



    Meanwhile, Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton posted a tweet[8] condemning drug market price gouging (shown below). Within 24 hours, the tweet gathered upwards of 2,200 favorites and 1,900 retweets.



    The same day, the Internet Comment Etiquette with Erik YouTube channel posted a video titled “Let’s Get in the Middle Of It: ‘Martin Shkreli’,” in which host Erik posts several derisive tweets directed toward Shrkeli (shown below). Also on September 21st, Redditor XyllonPosts submitted the video was submitted to the /r/videos[7] subreddit, where it garnered more than 980 votes (90% upvoted) and 80 comments in the first 24 hours.



    News Media Coverage

    In the coming days, several news sites published articles about the online backlash to the price hike, including The Daily Mail,[12] Gawker,[13] The Independent,[14] Raw Story,[15] and the Washington Post.[16]

    Search Interest

    External References


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  • 09/22/15--12:34: Smol
  • About

    Smol (often paired with lorge or bean), refers to any animal, character, or object that is very tiny and cute. The word is often used as a descriptor or hashtag.

    Origin

    The origin of smol is currently unknown, but it began appearing on social networks in the late spring / early summer of 2015. An article on Buzzfeed used the term for the title of a list of small animals on May 8th, 2015,[8] but it’s likely that the origin of the term’s popularity was a fan reference to a musician named Tyler Josephs from the American musical group Twenty One Pilots. Fans began referring to Josephs as a “smol bean” on Tumblr and Twitter.[1] On June 26th, 2015, Josephs responded, “I am a bean.”[2] The tweet received over 22,000 retweets and 33,00 favorites over the next two months, with many fans responding “A smol bean.”

    Spread

    Smol is in wide use on social network platforms. The word was first defined on Urban Dictionary on June 6th, 2015,[3] and the tumblr MemeDocumentation first wrote about the word on June 29th, 2015, identifying that the word “Lorge” was frequently used in conjunction.[4] On Tumblr, the search term returns thousands of posts.[5] According to Topsy analytics, the word has been used on Twitter more than 111,000 times between August 23rd and September 22nd, 2015; however, these numbers are not necessarily representative of true spread, since “smol” has other meanings in other languages, including Serbian.[6][7] More representative is Vine, where the among the almost 3,000 results, the word is used to on clips of boy bands like One Direction and videos of pets and other animals.[8] In addition, the word is also employed on fan art, especially on art relating to Steven Universe and Homestuck. There are over 8,600 results on DeviantArt of drawings tagged with the term smol.[9]

    Search Interest



    Please note: Smol is both a word in some languages, like Serbian, and a surname, both of which are reflected in these search results.

    External References

    [1]Tumblr – Search: Tyler Smol Bean

    [2]Twitter – Tyler Josephs’s tweet

    [3]Urban Dictionary – Smol

    [4]Meme Documentation – "Do you know anything about “smol”?":http://memedocumentation.tumblr.com/post/122791423235/do-you-know-anything-about-smol-ive-almost

    [5]Tumblr – Tagged: smol

    [6]Topsy – Smol

    [7]Twitter – search: small

    [8]Buzzfeed – 20 Baby Animals Who Are Too Smol

    [9]DeviantArt – Smol


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  • 09/22/15--13:29: Potato Girl
  • Work in progress.


    About

    Potato Girl is the nickname given by fans to Sasha Blouse, a character from the anime and manga series Shingeki no Kyojin after a scene where she appears eating a potato. This particular scene inspired various parodies.

    Search Interest

    External References

    [1]Shingeki no Kyojin Wiki – Sasha Blouse

    [2]archive.moe – Search for potato girl

    [3]Tumblr – Search for potato girl


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  • 09/22/15--14:09: John Lennon Absolute Madman
  • About

    John Lennon Absolute Madman is an image fad featuring a photograph of John Lennon, the lead singer of the rock band “The Beatles” doing a wanky walk on the streets with his wife Yoko Ono, which is often paired with the phrase The absolute madman on the music board /mu/

    Origin

    W.I.P

    Although the image has been out for long, it only got popular when it was paired with the phrase of the “Absolute Madman” meme on a thread about cool images of artists on /mu/ in February 15, 2015[1]. Since then the image has been titled “John Lennon the Absolute Madman”

    Spread

    On September 11th[2] and september 13th[3] 2 threads featuring the image of Lennon doing the walk (one which titled the image John “The Absolute Madman” Lennon) were posted on /mu/, with multiple of the replies photoshopping the image into different variations before they were archived. on the day of the first thread a video featuring a jumpscare of Lennon walking from a distance to the screen was posted titled “Rare John”(shown below left). And on september 13th thread (day of the second thread) a video was posted by youtube user Hal9000ize, compiling all the Lennon images.(shown below right)

    warning: video on the right contains a jumpscare

    Notable Examples


    External References

    [1]rebeccablacktech – Post No. 53611962

    [2]rebeccablacktech – Post No. 58852861

    [3]rebeccablacktech .- Post No.58884000


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  • 09/22/15--15:03: Subreddit Simulator
  • About

    Subreddit Simulator is a fully-automated subreddit featuring submissions and comments produced by bot accounts using Markov chain randomization processes.

    History

    On March 1st, 2015, Reddit admin spladug released a script on Github[1] that uses Markov chains to sort through Reddit data to find patterns in word usage to create random fake posts and comments. On June 4th, 2015, Reddit admin Deimorz posted a comment about the script in a post on the /r/modnews[6] subreddit, to which Redditor TheBigKahooner suggested they post some of the comments produced by the Markov chains. On June 6th, 2015, the /r/SubredditSimulator[7] subreddit was launched by Deimorz, which is entirely populated with submissions and comments produced by Markov chain bots. The same day, /r/SubredditSimMeta[10] was launched for discussions about the posts featured on Subreddit Simulator. Two days later, Deimorz posted an explanation of how the subreddit functions, along with a schedule of how posts and comments are submitted (shown below).[8]



    Reception

    On July 15th, the pop culture site Fusion published an article about Subreddit Simulator, noting its similarity to Twitter ebooks bots that use Markov chains.

    On August 7th, BoingBoing[9] published a short post about the subreddit.

    On August 29th, The Daily Dot[2] published an article about the Subreddit Simulator. The following day, Deimorz released the code behind the subreddit on Github.[4]

    In late September 2015, a Hacker News Simulator[3] was launched, which uses Markov chains to create a list of news items mimicking the format of the news aggregator Hacker News.

    Search Interest

    External References


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  • 09/22/15--18:45: AM I BEING DETAINED
  • WIP, I swear i’ll finish this I swear on me mum

    About

    “Am I being detained(or am I free to go?)” is a statement uttered by people who have been stopped by the police, usually sovereign citizens or rebellious youth as a delay tactic in order to annoy the officers into leaving or causing an incident.

    Origin

    The exact origin of the words themselves are unknown, however multiple websites with legal advice for police stops instructing when to use them have existed since at least 2004. The phrase truly took off in 2013, after sovereign citizens and their actions became a focus in the mainstream news media. In 2014 the subreddit r/amifreetogo [1] was created to showcase and mock unnecessarily hostile encounters between civilians and police.

    Notable examples



    Search Interest


    External References

    [1]Reddit – r/amifreetogo / Created in 2014


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  • 09/23/15--10:58: Planned Parenthood
  • About

    Planned Parenthood is a network of health clinics, mostly in the United States focused on providing reproductive and sexual healthcare. Planned Parenthood had been controversial for the entirety of its existence, and recently has become a main focus of the abortion debate.

    Background

    Planned Parenthood has a complicated history, but the first clinic that would go on to become part of Planned Parenthood was founded in Brownsville, Brooklyn, by an activist named Margaret Sanger.[1] Sanger and a partner, who were providing women with methods of birth control at the clinic, were arrested and convicted for “distributing obscene materials.” While the charges were just misdemeanor, the publicity surrounding the trials brought much new attention to the cause of women’s healthcare. In 1942, the clinic and others who had formed a league for cooperation, became known as the Planned Parenthood Federation of America.[2]

    Planned Parenthood currently has 820 affiliated clinics under president Cecile Richards. While they provide full and comprehensive health care to both men and women, they are most well-known for providing abortions, birth control, and testing and treatment for sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV.[3]

    Online History

    Most of the controversy surrounding Planned Parenthood stems from their activist stance on women’s healthcare, including providing abortions.[5] On several occasions, anti-choice groups like Live Action[6] and The Center for Medical Progress[7] have attempted to perform undercover stings on Planned Parenthood clinics, entering the clinics with secret cameras and filming the doctors and healthcare workers. On several occasions, the videos have become viral, causing controversy.

    “Planned Parenthood Sells Parts” Controversy

    The Planned Parenthood Sells Parts controversy refers to a viral video and campaign by a pro-life organization called the Center for Medical Progress wherein actors, pretending to be medical professionals, secretly filmed a discussion with a Planned Parenthood employee where the employee appears to be suggesting that Planned Parenthood sells fetal body parts it extracts in partial-birth abortions. The video caused outrage in the pro-life community, however, multiple sources have claimed the video portrays a false situation by Planned Parenthood and thus is a hoax. Despite this many this claim that Planned Parenthood is guilty of corruption, believing that it is not a hoax and still continue to investigate.



    Online Presence

    Planned Parenthood has over 150,000 followers on Twitter[8] and 263,000 likes on its official Facebook[9] page. In addition, several consistent hashtags are used by Planned Parenthood supporters and detractors. For supporters, these hashtags including #IStandWithPP[10] and #StandWithPP,[11] while detractors use #DefundPP,[12] and more recently, #PPSellsBabyParts[13]. The graphs below depict the traffic in use of these hashtags from August 24nd through September 23rd, 2015, according to Topsy Analytics.[14][15]




    Search Interest



    External References


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  • 09/23/15--11:02: Drag and Drop Reaction GIFs
  • About

    Drag and Drop Reaction GIFs are animated images featuring mouse cursors on computer desktops performing a variety of drag and drop gestures.

    Origin

    On June 7th, 2014, Imgur[1] user balcsida uploaded an animated GIF of a file titled “This image” being dragged into a folder titled “Fapping material” (shown below). In the first 15 months, the GIF gained over 1.5 million views and 700 points.



    Spread

    On July 20th, 2015, Imgur[5] user metalfacedoom uploaded a GIF of an elderly man dragging his “My Computer” desktop icon into his desktop trashcan (shown below).



    On September 17th, Imgur[2] user YeahBoio uploaded a gallery containing several different drag and drop GIFs, featuring various files dragged into folders or clicked with reactions to Imgur posts and comments (shown below). In the first week, the gallery gathered upwards of 430,000 views and 15,000 points.



    In the comments section of the post, Imgur user undercovergiraffe[4] replied with a GIF of a file named “OP’s MOM” being dragged into a folder and receiving the error message “The file you are trying to use is too large” (shown below, left). The following day, Imgur[3] user IPoopWithTheDoorHalfOpen uploaded a GIF of a file titled “The Joke” being dragged around a folder named “You” (shown below, right).



    Various Examples

    Search Interest

    Not available.

    External References


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